Dental TreatmentThe following are some of the services we provide to keep your child's smile healthy and bright.
Routine dental exams are recommended every six months. Your dentist will perform a thorough examination of your child’s teeth, gums and mouth. We will look for signs of decay, disease, developmental issues or other concerns.
Routine dental cleanings are recommended every six months. During your child’s cleaning, plaque is removed from the teeth, especially from places where a toothbrush can’t reach, such as underneath the gum line and in between teeth. We will then apply fluoride to help protect your child’s teeth once you leave the office.
Fluoride is important in dental and oral health. Studies consistently show that a moderate but consistent exposure of fluoride to teeth helps strengthen the tooth structure, and helps prevent future decay.
It is important to note, however, that like any medical treatment, fluoride should be taken in moderation. Overexposure to fluoride can result in a cosmetic condition known as fluorosis: thin white lines or streaks or spots on the tooth. The risk of fluorosis is most pronounced in infants and children whose teeth have not yet fully developed, which is why extra care must be taken to monitor how much fluoride a child ingests. Most public water sources contain fluoridated water, and a common cause of fluorosis in children is powdered formula that is prepared with fluoridated water. There are also many kinds of toothpaste, mouthwashes and even some flosses that contain fluoride. For more on fluoride and fluoridation, you can visit the ADA’s website on fluoride and the CDC’s website on infant formula preparation.
We place a fluoride varnish on your child’s teeth at routine appointments. There are no restrictions on eating or drinking due to fluoride being placed on the teeth, but we ask that the child does not brush their teeth until bedtime.
X-rays are used to help diagnose problems such as decay between teeth, abscesses and impacted teeth. Bitewing x-rays are recommended based on each child’s risk factor and previous experience with tooth decay. A panoramic x-ray is recommended starting at age 7. This x-ray shows the entire mouth in one image and allows your dentist to see tooth development. At Children’s Dental Center we use state of the art digital x-rays, which significantly minimize radiation exposure over time.
The grooves on the chewing surfaces of the back teeth are extremely difficult to clean. Bacteria ferments food into acids that break down the tooth enamel and cause cavities. Sealants are applied to the chewing surfaces of the permanent molars to prevent cavities in those areas prone to decay. Sealants should last for several years if cared for properly.
Sealants can chip or break off. We recommend that your child avoid chewing hard foods such as ice, hard candies, suckers or popcorn kernels. We will monitor the wear of their sealants at each routine examination.
Your child may receive local anesthesia (lidocaine) prior to dental treatment. We sometimes refer to this as “sleepy juice” to children. Local anesthetic is used to numb an area in the mouth to avoid pain and discomfort while having most dental treatment completed. Following local anesthetic your child’s lips, cheek and tongue may be asleep for about 2 hours. Avoid eating anything but soft foods during this time.
Children often do not understand this numb feeling and may suck or chew on their lip or cheek which can cause trauma to the tissue. This is not serious, but will be uncomfortable for them when the numbness has passed. We ask that you watch children closely for the first couple hours after treatment. If a child is uncomfortable due to biting their lip, cheek or tongue, we recommend they be given an appropriate dosage of ibuprofen. If the child cannot take ibuprofen, they may be given Tylenol (acetaminophen).
Nitrous Oxide (Laughing Gas)
A combination of nitrous oxide and oxygen is administered for most dental treatment done in our office. The benefit of Nitrous Oxide is to help your child relax and minimize the feeling of the local anesthetic. Your child will stay awake. This simply helps them to feel more at ease during their appointment. Some kids may laugh, feel like they are floating, or have a tingling feeling in their fingers or toes.
At the end of the dental appointment your child will breathe in 100% oxygen which will completely reverse the effects of the Nitrous Oxide prior to leaving our office.
General Anesthesia may be advised for children with special healthcare needs, or those who have dental treatment needs that may not be tolerated well in the clinic due to extent of treatment or extreme anxiety. General anesthesia is administered by an anesthesiologist in an outpatient hospital setting. Additional information and instructions will be given if it is determined by the dentist and parents that this is the best option for the child.
Restorations are a filling material used to repair areas of decay on the tooth. We use composite restorations that are tooth colored, which helps to maintain the natural beauty of your child’s smile. These fillings are bonded to the tooth and hardened by an LED light during placement. These are durable and should last up to 6-12 years.
Because the fillings are completely hardened when placed, there are no special diet instructions for back teeth. If these restorations are on front teeth, your child will need to avoid biting into hard foods or opening anything using those teeth. These restorations are not as strong as their natural teeth and your child will need to take care to not put extra pressure on these teeth. If your child experiences discomfort after treatment, we recommend they be given an appropriate dosage of ibuprofen. If your child can not take ibuprofen they may be given Tylenol (acetaminophen).
If decay invades the nerve of the tooth, it may be necessary to remove the pulp (nerve) of the tooth and place a medication in the tooth. This is done to encourage healing, prevent sensitivity, decrease the chance of infection, and save the tooth.
If your child experiences any sensitivity or discomfort after treatment, we recommend they be given an appropriate dosage of ibuprofen. If they cannot take ibuprofen, they may be given Tylenol (acetaminophen).
A crown is a cover placed over an entire tooth. Crowns may be placed on a tooth that has extensive cavities, a nerve treatment, or if the tooth has defective enamel. We offer preformed stainless steel crowns which are durable and will protect the tooth from further decay. These crowns should remain on the primary teeth until it falls out and the permanent tooth erupts.
Your child should stay away from sticky foods like taffy, caramels and gum and should not chew on hard candies like jolly ranchers and suckers. These foods may loosen the crown which may result in additional fees for re-cementing or replacing the crown. If the crown comes off, please save it and call our office. The tissue around the area where the crown was placed may be tender. If necessary we recommend your child be given an appropriate dosage of ibuprofen. If your child can not take ibuprofen, they may be given Tylenol (acetaminophen).
Extractions may be necessary due to decay, infection (abscess), crowding concerns or over-retention of teeth. We refer to this as wiggling the teeth.
Bleeding will be controlled prior to your child’s dismissal from our office, but some “oozing” from the extraction site may occur for up to a few hours. If this occurs, we recommend your child place a roll of gauze over the extraction area and either bite down or place pressure on this for 5-10 minutes. Repeat if necessary. We recommend a soft food diet for the rest of the day, and stay away from hard or crunchy foods for 24-48 hours. If permanent teeth were extracted, we recommend your child not use straws for the remainder of the day. If your child experiences any discomfort, we recommend they be given an appropriate dosage of ibuprofen. If your child can not take ibuprofen, they may be given Tylenol (acetaminophen).
A space maintainer is an appliance that is secured (cemented) directly to the teeth to hold the space where a tooth is missing until the permanent tooth erupts into the area. This will help prevent more costly orthodontic concerns in the future. The appliance may feel strange to your child for a few days, but they will get used to it.
Your child should avoid sticky foods like taffy, caramels and gum and should not chew on hard candies like jolly ranchers and suckers. These foods may loosen or break the appliance which may result in additional fees for re-cementing or replacing the appliance. If the appliance comes off, please save it and call our office.